Claudia Costin is from Brazil and was the Secretary of Education for the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2009 and 2014. During her stint as Secretary, the index Ideb (that measures the quality of education in Brazil) increased by 22% for Rio’s schools. Prior to this, Claudia served as Minister for President Cardoso and Secretary of Culture for the State of São Paulo. She was also the Executive Vice-President of the Victor Civita Foundation, a non-profit organization devoted to improving the quality of education in Brazil, and helped launch the Brazilian civil society movement Todos pela Educação (Everybody for Education), where she is a member of the Technical Committee. Between 2009 and 2014, she has held academic positions in several renowned universities in Brazil (such as the Getulio Vargas Foundation and the University of Brasília) and abroad, including now Harvard Graduate School of Education in Cambridge, where she is currently a Visiting Professor of Practice in Education. She holds a master’s degree in Economics and Management and a Ph.D. in Public Administration from Getulio Vargas Foundation.